Responsive Design: What It Is, Why It Matters, and How to Do It [Guide]

Hanabi Technologies
5 min readDec 15, 2023


By Vaibhav Tiwari

Responsive design is a web design approach that makes web pages adapt to different screen sizes and resolutions, ensuring a good user experience across various devices. Responsive design is not a separate technology, but rather a set of best practices and techniques that can be applied to any web project.

Imagine crafting a website so adaptable, that it contorts like a chameleon to fit any screen, from smartphone squint to IMAX sprawl. That’s the magic of responsive design, and it’s no longer a luxury — it’s a necessity. A study by Google found that 57% of users abandon websites that don’t display well on their mobile devices. Ouch.

In this blog post, we will explain what responsive design is, why it is important, and how to create a responsive website using some of the modern CSS features. We will also show you some examples of responsive websites that demonstrate the benefits of this approach.

What is Responsive Design?

Responsive design is a way of making websites look good on any device or screen size. It uses three main principles:

  • Media queries: These are CSS rules that let us change the style of elements based on the device or screen size. For example, we can change the font size, layout, or visibility of elements based on the width, height, orientation, or resolution of the screen.
/* Default styles for large screens */
.left {
float: left;
width: 20%;

.main {
float: left;
width: 60%;

/* Styles for small screens */
@media screen and (max-width:800px) {
.left , .main {
  • Fluid grids: These are CSS layouts that use relative units (such as percentages) instead of fixed units (such as pixels) to set the width and height of elements. This means that fluid grids can fit the available space on any device, without creating horizontal scrolling or empty gaps.
  • Flexible images: These are images that can resize or crop themselves to fit the screen size. This means that flexible images can avoid distortion or overflow on any device.

By combining these three principles, we can create responsive websites that look good and function well on any device.

Why is Responsive Design Important?

Responsive design is important for several reasons:

  • It improves user experience: Responsive design ensures that users can access and interact with our content easily and comfortably on any device. It also provides a consistent and familiar interface across different platforms and browsers.
  • It increases accessibility: Responsive design makes our content more accessible for users with disabilities or impairments. It also helps us comply with web standards and accessibility guidelines.
  • It boosts performance: Responsive design reduces the amount of code and resources needed to load our website. It also improves loading speed and reduces bandwidth consumption by delivering only what is needed for each device.
  • It enhances SEO: Responsive design helps search engines understand and index our website better. It also improves user engagement metrics such as dwell time, bounce rate, and conversion rate.

How to Create a Responsive Website?

Creating a responsive website involves several steps:

  1. Plan your layout: Before you start coding your website, you need to plan how you want it to look and behave on different devices. You can use tools such as wireframes1, mockups2, or prototypes3 to sketch out your ideas and test them with users.
  2. Choose your media queries: Media queries allow you to apply different styles based on various conditions such as screen size, orientation, resolution, etc. You can use media queries to create breakpoints4, which are points where your layout changes significantly for different devices.
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  1. Use fluid grids: Fluid grids allow you to create flexible layouts using relative units instead of fixed units. You can use CSS properties such as max-width, min-width, width, height, etc., to define how your elements should resize according to their container size.
  2. Use flexible visuals: Flexible visuals allow you to scale up or down images or other media elements according to their container size. You can use CSS properties such as max-width, max-height, object-fit, etc., to control how your visuals should behave when resized by media queries or fluid grids.
  3. Test your website: Testing your website is essential for ensuring its responsiveness and functionality across different devices. You can use tools such as browser dev tools, responsive testing tools, etc., to inspect your code, check for errors, measure performance, simulate user interactions, etc.

Examples of Responsive Websites

To inspire you further, here are some examples of responsive websites that showcase how well they adapt to different devices:

  • Dropbox: Dropbox uses a fluid grid and flexible visuals to design a responsive website. The site uses large images that fill up most of the screen on desktops but shrinks down on mobile devices.
  • Dribbble: Dribbble uses media queries and fluid grids to create a mobile-friendly version of its website. The site uses smaller images that fit within their containers on mobile devices but display larger images on desktops.
  • GitHub: GitHub’s website uses modern CSS features such as Flexbox, grid layout, and custom properties to create a consistent experience across every device. The site uses a simple and elegant layout that adapts to different screen sizes and resolutions.
  • Netflix: Netflix’s website uses flexible visuals and media queries to create a responsive website. The site uses large and high-quality images and videos that scale up or down according to the screen size and resolution. The site also uses a hamburger menu and a carousel to display its content in a compact and user-friendly way.


Do you want your website to look good on any device? Then you need responsive design. Responsive design makes web pages fit different screens and resolutions. It gives a great user experience for everyone. Responsive design is not a new technology. It is a way of designing web pages with some best practices and techniques.

If you need a professional and reliable web design company, you can contact us at Hanabi technologies. We have a team of web designers who can create a responsive website for your business. We also offer other web design services like SEO, web development etc.

We hope you liked this blog post and learned something new. If you have any questions or feedback, please comment below. We would love to hear from you.

Thank you for reading!



Hanabi Technologies

INSPIRED BY THE JAPANESE CULTURE OF IKIGAI 生き甲斐 — Software is out passion, DRIVEN BY THE JAPANESE PRINCIPAL OF KAIZEN 改善, かいぜん — Continuous improvement